Tag Archive | "Chris Kostman"

Badwater Race Director: Death Valley National Park “Grossly Exaggerating the Safety Issue…Smearing Reputation of Badwater 135″

Badwater Race Director: Death Valley National Park “Grossly Exaggerating the Safety Issue…Smearing Reputation of Badwater 135″

AdventureCORPS Chief Adventure Officer (CAO) and Badwater 135 race director Chris Kostman sent a very detailed email to Run It Fast® this morning.

In it, he responds to the ban by Death Valley National Park on Badwater 135 and all endurance related races within the park that require a permit. He believes, “..the DVNP staff are grossly exaggerating the safety issue, and, in so doing, they are smearing the reputation of the Badwater 135 and other events, perhaps to build a case for severely restricting, if not banning, some or all events from being held in the Park.”

You might remember back in December, the park ceased issuing permits for endurance races with little to no explanation as to why. It led us to speculate as to those reasons due to the extreme lack of transparency from DVNP (Read HERE).

Death Valley National Park superintendent Kathy Billings responded to our post with a long winded letter that stated that her decision to suspend events within the park was so that a ‘safety assessment’ could be conducted (Read HERE). Billings in her letter claimed that, “multiple near misses between event participants and park visitors were observed.”

As you can read below, Kostman adamantly doesn’t buy the parks stated reason/excuse claiming that DVNP’s decision was due to safety concerns. Kostman clearly details that Badwater 135, in 26 years, has never had a participant hit or injured by a car and that no accidents have taken place within the park during any of his races. Safety to Kostman and AdventureCORPS has always been a priority.  He then goes on to state that the random deaths that have happened within the park, happened outside of any race, and involved tourists and a park ranger but never an athlete in an event.

Kostman details how AdventureCORPS has always put safety first in hosting their events and that they hold themselves to a much higher standard than DVNP or anyone else ever could. Safety has always been a priority to them and that AdventureCORPS flawless record to date affirms that.

Read Kostman’s email to Run It Fast regarding Death Valley National Park’s ‘Safety Claims’ below in it’s entirety:

The Death Valley National Park staff can “play the safety card” all they want, but they are not the only people concerned with the safety of the event, in fact, far from it. As the organizers of the Badwater 135 and four other events normally held annually within DVNP, we are particularly and necessarily concerned with the safety of both event participants and the public at large. Additionally, a meeting with DVNP staff in December included representatives of both Inyo County and the California Highway Patrol who spoke on behalf of the safety record of the events and lobbied for the events to be held in 2014 and beyond. In our opinion, the DVNP staff are grossly exaggerating the safety issue, and, in so doing, they are smearing the reputation of the Badwater 135 and other events, perhaps to build a case for severely restricting, if not banning, some or all events from being held in the Park.

The DVNP staff can claim “near misses” on the highway between cars and pedestrians all they want, but where is the proof? The facts of the matter are simple and irrefutable: In the 26 history of the Badwater 135 Ultramarathon, not one event participant, supporter, or bystander has ever been struck by a car, nor have there been any car crashes other than one family member – not an active crew member – who simply drove off the road in 2012, perhaps because of a medical condition. Not one event participant, supporter, or bystander has been evacuated by ambulance. Not one event participant, supporter, or bystander has been issued a citation by DVNP Rangers, California Highway Patrol, or Inyo County Sheriff’s deputies in association with the event. DVNP statements to the press about “mass casualties” and “dead bodies” would seem to incite fear and overstate dangers. After all, in 2014, who can question anything about “safety”?

Meanwhile, three to four people die within Death Valley National Park every year, most recently an NPS employee who was working alone on the little-used and unpaved Westside Road during a heat wave with, according to those in the know, no functional radio and only minimal supplies. He died a tragic death of heat stroke after walking 4.6 miles, in vain, in search of help.

There have been no deaths associated with any sports event held within the Park, ever. (Contrarily, there have been deaths during sporting events in other Parks, but said events were not stopped.)

Special Event Permits have been issued to our organization 89 times over the past 24 years by Death Valley National Park without incident and without refusal, until now. Similarly, nearly all of the events also require permits from the California Department of Transportation, Inyo County, and/or United States Forest Service. Presumably all those government agencies are similarly concerned about any safety impacts that the events may present, yet none of those agencies has refused to issue permits or placed a “moratorium” on issuing permits. None of those agencies is casting aspersions on the reputations of the events, nor denying the opportunity for athletes to come from all over the world to enjoy this Park and pump money into the Park and the local economy.

In our December meeting with DVNP staff, we presented an eight-page proposal to further enhance the safety of the Badwater 135, a plan that clearly answers every issue brought up DVNP in their assessment of the July, 2013 event. While pointing out the impeccable safety record of the event, we explained that we are our own biggest critics and we hold our events up to the highest standards. We proposed effective, reasonable mitigation measures which will further enhance the event’s safety record and we requested the opportunity to demonstrate the effectiveness of these efforts during the July, 2014 edition of the event. We were refused, with no rationale given whatsoever. In fact, in all our correspondence and communication with the DVNP staff, and in everything we have read online and in the press, we have seen absolutely no rational explanation offered for the unprecedented decision to ban the events in 2014 while this “safety review” unfolds. It begs the question: How does one review the safety of something which isn’t even happening?

One further wonders what purpose it serves, and how public safety is enhanced, to effectively ban the event when the event will still be held in the very same county, on some of the very same roads, except outside DVNP jurisdiction? There will be no net change in overall event safety, nor public safety, by simply moving the event outside Park borders.

During the December meeting with DVNP, it was pointed out that the Park’s disallowing of the Badwater 135 in the summer of 2014 will simply cause dozens, perhaps scores, perhaps hundreds, of runners and their support crews to simply run the traditional route from Badwater in Death Valley to Mt. Whitney on their own, outside of an actual event. “It’s a free country,” after all, and the roads are open to the public, yet those types of “solo” runners will not be vetted for their worthiness to attempt such a feat, they will not be monitored by race officials and controlled by race rules and the possibility of time penalties or disqualification, they will not have a 15-person medical team with an ambulance on standby in case of emergency, they will not have any rules or guidelines limiting the number of support crew members and the number, size, and type of support vehicles.

In response to explaining how the “law of unintended consequences” would have the effect of unleashing these unregulated runners onto the roads within the Park, the Chief Ranger for DVNP stated “We are not their parent.” All of the DVNP staff in attendance showed no concern whatsoever for the potential for their staffing and resources being stretched thin while runners challenge the Badwater 135 race course all summer long with no oversight. They showed no concern for the potential for all these unsanctioned runners to impact public safety, even though they claimed that public safety was their primary concern in undertaking their “safety review” and banning the events in the interim.

In regards to cycling events, during the December meeting, DVNP staff, the Park Superintendent in particular, complained about the difficulty of passing bicyclists on the roadway, without changing lanes, during those occasional stretches of DVNP roadways that have double yellow stripes down the center of the road. This is the exact same type of complaint leveled at bicycle users by anti-bike and anti-pedestrian motorists all over America, with the implication being, quite falsely, that roads are intended for motor vehicles, that motorists have superior rights to use of the roads, that motorists have a right to never be inconvenienced nor forced to slow down. While this type of anti-bike bias is still all too common in America, the tide has turned in city after city, county after county, state after state, as government agencies realize that bicycling plays an important, crucial role in the wars on obesity, traffic jams, and pollution. Increasing the roadshare by bicyclists has become a priority for government agencies across America, including the National Park Service, which promotes bicycling as a way to enjoy and travel through Parks.

As for DVNP denying that events are not being “banned” in 2014, and that our statement to that effect is “erroneous” they are playing semantics. The fact of the matter is, one marathon will be held on February 1, but only because the organizers already had their permit in place before the ban went into effect. Other than that, the ban means that the following events will not take place during the “safety review” period, nor for many months afterward:

Feb 24-27
CORPScamp Death Valley
A five-day cycling camp based in Furnace Creek with about 50 participants who typically come from 12-15 states and several foreign countries. It has been held since 2008 without incident and was not “reviewed,” per se, during any recent edition, thus its potential impact, if any, has not be assessed.

March 1
Death Valley Century, Ultra Century, and Double Century – Spring edition
A one-day 100-mile, 150-mile, and 200-mile bicycle ride with about 300 participants who typically come from 15-20 states and several foreign countries. It has been held twice a year since 1990 without incident. Its sister event, a Fall edition held on the last weekend of October, was reviewed by two DVNP staff members: Safety Officer Peter Treuherz and Law Enforcement Ranger Jordan Mammil. Treuherz’s report has not been seen, but he was overwhelmingly favorable about the event in conversation that day, with only a few small constructive suggestions to make. Mammil’s report is entirely favorable towards the events. She stated, among other things, the following:

“In my opinion, the Century Bicycle Ride is a highly organized event drawing a diverse set of visitors.  These visitors are able to enjoy the park in a very unique manner.  The event essentially has no impact on the park, the visitors, or any of its resources.  It is a nice way to bring revenue to adjacent businesses, and attract cyclist and their supporters to the area.”

“It appears that the event does not need monitoring.  There is very little chance of disturbance to other visitors, and this event leaves very little, if any impact.  The participants are other outdoor enthusiasts, sharing the joy of seeing a large section of the park with essentially no carbon footprint.  In my mind, the park should do whatever it can to encourage and support such events.”

In late December, we received a letter from Park Superintendent Billings detailing a few minor criticisms or observations of this cycling event, and the tone and content of her letter was entirely negative. Granted, any event can be made safer, and a few “bad apples” will occasionally disregard event rules, but the event has an unblemished record and was enthusiastically endorsed by a law enforcement professional with many years of experience working on the open roads of multiple National Parks. Yet no mention of Ranger Mammil’s positive report regarding the event was made. No opportunity to host the March 1 edition was offered.

July 21-13
Badwater 135 Ultramarathon
Drawing up to 100 runners and their support crews from 20 or more countries and 20 or more American states, along with race support staff and the media and eyes of the world, this iconic event will take place on a Lone Pine, CA-based route just outside of DVNP boundaries. Still named “Badwater 135,” it will not begin at its namesake, Badwater, because of the DVNP ban on events in 2014. http://www.badwater.com/route/

October and Beyond:
DVNP finally posted their statement about the 2014 ban on their website on Christmas eve, 2013. In it, they stated, in part:

The safety assessment process is expected to be completed by Summer, 2014. The safety assessment report will include safety mitigations, specific park approval criteria and condition recommendations for sporting events within Death Valley National Park.

Based on the projected date for completion of the safety assessment, applications may be submitted for events that are scheduled from October 1, 2014 and beyond. The park will begin processing those applications when the safety review is completed. Findings from the risk assessment may require new conditions that will be required of all event coordinators to meet permit requirements and/or that some events may not be allowed in certain areas or permitted in the future if safety risks cannot be mitigated to an acceptable level.

Also:
Due to the complexity of the process, it can take several months to process a special use application and applicants are encourage to get their requests in early.

A quick read of the DVNP statement would suggest that it will be possible for special events to take place in October, 2014, but that is effectively impossible. This is because they have not set a firm deadline for completing their “safety review” and finalizing their new guidelines. They only state “by Summer, 2014,” however Summer does not end until September 23. They also stated, during the December meeting, to not expect resolution until the end of their fiscal year, which ends on September 30.

Their online statement also states that, though permit applications may be submitted at any time, they will not review them until their internal process is complete. As such, there is little logic in applying to host special events until all the details, new regulations, and new restrictions are known. Additionally, a full field of athletes, a full event staff and cadre of volunteers, and all the operational details that are needed to host and produce an event do not just fall out of the clear blue sky; they take time, usually 6 to 12 months on average, to pull together. Therefore, the inference by DVNP that sporting events could take place in October of this year is erroneous and misleading at best. This ban therefore impacts multiple events which might have been held in October, but which are also effectively banned by DVNP this year:

The Whitney Classic charity ride from Badwater to Mt. Whitney, held annually since the 1980s, will not be able to take place on its traditional last weekend of September. (Not an AdventureCORPS event.) http://www.summitadventure.com/whitney-classic/

Furnace Creek 508, a 508-mile cycling event held annually on the first weekend of October which has passed through DVNP since 1989, will have to be moved in its entirety to another state, rather than held this year on its traditional route. It averages 250 cyclists, riding solo or on two- or four-person relay teams, who come from all over the world to compete in what is known as “the toughest 48 hours in sport.” http://www.the508.com

The Ride to Cure Diabetes, held by and on behalf of Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, raising over one million dollars annually for this cause, will not likely be held on its traditional date on the third weekend of October. (Not an AdventureCORPS event.) http://www2.jdrf.org/site/TR/Ride/JDRFNationalRides?pg=entry&fr_id=2246

The Fall edition of the Death Valley Century, Ultra Century, and Double Century will not be held on its traditional date on the last weekend of October.

I’m not clear how, or if, the 49ers Encampment, traditionally held in early November, will be impacted by the DVNP ban, but it must have implications for their event as well. Their event is not a sports event, but its size and scope, which far exceeds that of any of the sporting events, certainly have some impact on traffic and Park safety.

I will conclude by pointing out that DVNP spokesperson, Cheryl Chipman, has stated (perhaps “complained” is more accurate) that “the park doesn’t directly make money on such events, with permits costing $210 each. She said organizers cover the cost of a park employee required to monitor events,” according to the LA Times:http://www.latimes.com/travel/deals/la-trb-death-valley-badwater-race-permits-20131226,0,156333.story#ixzz2pkNbxFwR

This statement deliberately ignores many facts and positive economic impacts which the Badwater 135, and other events, bring to Death Valley National Park, including:

– The entire Stovepipe Wells Resort, including the motel, restaurant, bar, two stores, and gas station, are owned by the National Park Service and these events bring a tremendous amount of money to the location, which is at mile 42 of the Badwater 135 route. The general manager, David MacIlwraith, has stated “race day is one of our largest revenue days for the year for the General Store.”

– Event participants, staff, support crews, family, and friends all spend money in the gift shops operated by Death Valley Natural History Association, an organization which is based in and directly support the Park, its mission, and its operations.

– Many event participants support the Death Valley Natural History Association. In fact, AdventureCORPS has raised or donated over $19,000 to DVNHA in recent years and there are five plaques in the Death Valley National Park Visitors Center which acknowledge AdventureCORPS / Badwater 135 / Furnace Creek 508 support.

– One hundred percent of Park Entry Fees are paid by or on behalf of every participant in evert event. Meanwhile, traditional Park visitors are expected to voluntarily pay the Park entrance fee at a self-serve kiosk or by stopping in the Visitors Center. There are no toll booths on the highways or at Park borders as at Yosemite, Glacier, and other National Parks, because DVNP does not actually control Highway 190, the thoroughfare which passes through the Park. Thus, sport event participants all pay their way, while many other Park visitors ignore the entrance fee requirement.

– Participants in Death Valley sporting events become tireless Park Advocates because of their intimate experience of, and appreciation for, this dramatic landscape and American treasure. They tell their friends about the Park, post widely on the Internet about their experience, support the Death Valley Natural History Association, and become regular visitors. In a time of dwindling government funding for the National Park Service, our athletes are exactly the kind of people that the NPS desperately needs spending money within the Parks and extolling their critical importance to their neighbors and their House Representatives, Senators, and other government officials. Why slam the door on the best people the Parks have in their court?

All told, the impact of this 2014 Death Valley National Park ban on sporting events is absolutely massive, with reverberations across the globe, but especially within the Park itself and the gateway communities which depend on tourism dollars. The ban is also unprecedented and unnecessary, hurting the Park far more than it is helping it.

Yours in sport,
Chris Kostman,
Chief Adventure Officer and Race Director
AdventureCORPS, Inc.

So there you have it! Kostman does a strong job of clearly stating that AdventureCORPS has always put a priority on safety. He goes into detail about races within the park and what they bring to the community in terms of revenue and tourism.

RELATED – Death Valley National Park – Badwater Stories on Run It Fast:

We are hoping that DVNP will quickly reverse it’s decision and once again start granting permits to Badwater 135 and all the rest of the great running and cycling events that happen every year in the park.

Badwater 135 is an international event that brings the best athletes in the world to Death Valley National Park and the best out of the human spirit in those that come to run, crew, cheer, and witness what the human body can accomplish within the beautiful landscape of DVNP.  The park and race officials had enjoyed a great working relationship for three decades before Billings came into power this past year.

We hope common sense will win out with Billings, that all of the races in DVNP will once again resume, and that DVNP and race directors alike can work TOGETHER to ensure safety for all involved in these great events that bring lots of attention and revenue to the area.

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Death Valley National Park’s Explanation for Ceasing Race Permits

Death Valley National Park’s Explanation for Ceasing Race Permits

We posted last week a hypothesis of why we thought Death Valley National Park might have ceased giving permits to running and cycling races within the park without notice/warning/discussion.

Our story gained national attention and created a honest and, at times, hotly debated discussion as to why this might have happened.

We believed that after radiation readings in the park tested extremely high 4 weeks ago that it might have been enough to sound an alarm within the park chain of command to cease permits to look into it more closely.

Read our FULL STORY HERE!

Death Valley National Park superintendent Kathy Billings has finally and officially responded to her reasonings as to why she made her decision. You can read her full letter of explanation by clicking HERE.

She states over and over in the letter that it’s about safety and park safety. Billings says there has been several close calls with spectators and motor visitors to the park on the road and highways.

We, here at Run It Fast, believe that 1. radiation education and the high amounts since the Fukushima meltdown are very important and 2. that transparency from government agencies is extremely important.

We are glad that Billings finally came forward to at least provide an explanation for her decision. She might be late to explain her decision but finally we have some transparency from her as to why.

As we initially stated, transparency serves everyone best.

Do you believe her explanation? She speaks of close calls, but AdventureCORPS founder Chris Kostman, stated in his initial response to the park’s decision, that there had not been any deaths or close calls at his events including Badwater 135. (Read Kostman’s statement HERE)

If in fact Billings explanation is the true explanation then her decision will likely be overturned unless she has a pure vendetta against either AdventureCORPS, Kostman, or endurance sports.

Is her answer/explanation still too vague?

While we are still devastated by Billings decision, we are glad that she finally came forward to at least offer an explanation.

RELATED: Badwater 135 Race Director Chris Kostman replies to DVNP’s Kathy Billings

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Death Valley Closed to Endurance Sports – Joshua Holmes – Death Valley Trail Marathon 2012 – Run It Fast

The REAL Reason Death Valley National Park Has Suspended All Endurance Races?

[The following is what I’ve deciphered as the reason DVNP has suspended all permits for endurance activities within the park including the Badwater 135 Ultramarathon. DVNP has neither confirmed or denied my theory.]

Death Valley National Park Website: “Effective immediately Death Valley National Park will temporarily discontinue issuance of running and bicycling event permits. Future event permits will not be considered until a thorough safety evaluation of this type of activity has been completed.”

AdventureCORPS Website in Response to DVNP’s Decision: AdventureCORPS and Chris Kostman have hosted 89 events since 1990 under DVNP special event permits without ever being refused a permit by DVNP, the Department of Transportation, or Inyo County. There have been no deaths, no car crashes, no citations issued, and only a few evacuations by ambulance after literally millions of miles covered on foot or by bike by event participants.

Death Valley National Park is host to most famously the Badwater 135 Ultramarathon, along with The 508 (cycling), CORPScamp, Death Valley Trail Marathon, and several other endurance sports.

So why all of a sudden, out of the blue, would Death Valley National Park immediately suspend all running and cycling activities within the park without any warning or discussion?

The one word possibility – RADIOACTIVITY.

EnviroReporter, Michael Collins, tested the radiation at Furnace Creek in Death Valley National Park on November 23, 2013 (video below).

He measured the radiation at Furnace Creek at an astonishing 31.5x background via a water sample.

Collins states after the testing, “These are levels that far exceed what is considered safe. California Highway Patrol considers anything over 3x background to cause a hazardous material situation.”

Collins did tests over two days at varying spots across Death Valley. They read anywhere from 26.7x to 31.5x background.

It’s one thing for DVNP to let events proceed as normal with runners signing waivers from killing themselves in extreme heat, but it’s quite another to allow endurance athletes to inhale extremely high levels of radioactive air and dust for hours and days on end, with the dangerous possibility of said runners developing leukemia, thyroid cancer, or any cancer or damning health issue. It would truly be horrible and devastating.

Also, lawsuits would rapidly pile high in judge’s chambers from San Diego to Susanville and everywhere in between against DVNP and the government for (1) knowing of the radioactivity, (2) not disclosing it, (3) not taking extra precautions to protect the health and safety of citizens within the park.

Naturally, endurance athletes (in these great Death Valley races) would consume massive amounts of oxygen and dust filled with radioactive particles. Excessive exposure to extreme radiation for several days is a good bit different than Johnny B. Citizen’s one day journey to the park to take photos of the beautiful landscape of Death Valley.

Exposure in both cases though is dangerous. It’s a lot easier to deny a permit to race directors than to shut down the entire park to every tourist in the world.

So when you re-read the wording from DVNP about no race permits, “…until a thorough safety evaluation of this type of activity,” one may be able to piece together that something far more serious is happening than just the DVNP being cruel to ultra-runners.

Perhaps DVNP is actually doing tests and homework to see what type of harm can be caused by athletes being exposed to high levels of radiation in endurance events over many hours and days. They might also be running scenarios through it’s team of lawyers to determine what they can and should do to prevent potential lawsuits and liability.

Kostman eloquently stated in his response to the devastating news that there has been no deaths or serious health issues from any of the races that AdventureCORPS has held at Death Valley since 1990.

“It is unprecedented to place a one-year ban on existing sporting events within a National Park without any specific incident, accident, or complaint triggering such a drastic move. It is our contention that the events should be allowed to continue while the “safety review” unfolds.”

If there is extremely dangerous radiation levels currently in the park poisoning the air, dust, and water that likely could persist for some time.

Kostman has likely been left out in the cold and hasn’t been informed by DVNP officials of the exact reason. He comes across as sincerely befuddled by it all as would most of us after being blindsided out of the blue after many successful years hosting races in the park.

The radiation exposure and spike in California is of grave concern. For months those that were sounding off the dangerous siren regarding Fukushima were considered crazy or fearmongers.

Fukushima is an epic disaster that is eventually going to poison all of us in one way or another, directly or through the water we drink and food we consume no matter what coast we reside on.

Politicians and communities along the West Coast are finally waking up to the dangers from the Fukashima reactors.

The city of Fairfax, California recently drafted Resolution 13-57 in Support of Urgent International Rescue of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Facility:

“WHEREAS, this disaster presents one of the gravest threats and greatest technological challenges facing the international community, and as such demands an international response utilizing the world’s most accomplished experts as well as international funding on a level commensurate with humankind’s most ambitious efforts, in the interest of every nation; and,”

The resolution was signed by Fairfax’s mayor, John Reed, on November 6, 2013. Fairfax is northwest of Death Valley.

The radiation news coming out of Japan is not getting any better. It’s progressively growing into an even bigger and unsolvable problem that is killing ocean life and dropping radiation bombs all over the United States, mostly on the West Coast and California, but all over the country in different spots dependent upon various weather patterns.

Just today in Japan, TEPCO detected record radiation at reactor #2 of 1.9 million becquerels (bc/liter) up from the previous high of 1.8 million recorded just days ago on December 13th.

There is even a fictional book titled Badwater that is based on the theory of radioactive material being in Death Valley.

From the book cover: Forensic geologists Cassie Oldfield and Walter Shaws embark on a perilous hunt–tracking a terrorist who has stolen radioactive material that is hotter than the desert in August. He threatens to release it in America’s most fragile national park, Death Valley.

Coincidental…I think!

Running and endurance sports are an addiction and a lot of fun to many of us. Most of us have been inspired by other runners and in turn have inspired many others to take up running and endurance races.

I’ve applied to run Badwater the past two years and likely will try once again in February to get in to this prestigious race.

However, running and many other things become silly when extreme risks, like running in a radioactive hotbed of potential health issues become an added risk factor.

Is Badwater…….truly radioactive bad water, dust, and air?

I hope not! I hope the correlation I’ve tied above is totally not the reason and coincidental. I want Badwater to resume in July like it has for dozens of years. However, even if high radiation readings are not the reason for the suspension off race permits, it doesn’t mean that the extremely high levels of radiation in Death Valley National Park, and along the West Coast, aren’t legit and shouldn’t be taken seriously.

Hopefully, Death Valley National Park will come forward if the issue involves something as serious as high radiation levels within the park and be upfront with their reasons for denying the permits to Chris Kostman, AdventureCORPS, and other race directors.

Transparency is often promised but more often than not we get opaqueness.

[Read AdventureCORPS (Kostman’s) Full Response to DVNP and How to Help]

“Hope is a good thing, maybe the best of things, and no good thing ever dies.” – Andy Durfresne

-joshua holmes
(Follow on Twitter @bayou)

UPDATE: Response from Death Valley National Park

UPDATE 2: Badwater 135 Race Director Chris Kostman Responds to DVNP’s Kathy Billings

[Fukushima is spelled a couple of ways by different organizations/translations. I’ve seen it as Fukushima, Fukashima (Fairfax, CA), Fukishima]

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